The hottest military experts interpret the real-ti

  • Detail

Military experts interpret the Russian Navy's first use of unmanned aerial vehicles to indicate targets to be attacked at sea in real time

military experts interpret the Russian Navy's first use of unmanned aerial vehicles to indicate targets to be attacked at sea in real time

Hello, everyone, I'm Li Yue. The Russian Navy recently used the "outpost" UAV for the first time in the Baltic Sea to indicate the targets to be attacked at sea in real time, and successfully guided warships to launch "caliber" cruise missiles and "gem" anti-ship missiles to attack. In today's "CCTV military intelligence observation" column, we will invite military observer Li Li to interpret this topic in detail for you

: Hello Li Li, we know that this guided attack, Russia uses a UAV called "outpost". What kind of equipment is this

Li Li: in terms of its own positioning, the "outpost" is actually equivalent to an integrated UAV. On the one hand, reconnaissance can be used. Reconnaissance is a basic function of UAV. The engine it uses is very economical. It is a piston engine. Although its system is relatively old, it is relatively fuel-efficient and reliable, so its dead time is relatively long, which can reach 17 hours. In addition, from its current operational radius, I think it is now set at 250 kilometers

I think the biggest highlight of the "outpost" UAV is that it can guide the calibration and shooting. If compared with other unmanned aerial vehicles, its more important task is behind, so its own guidance ability, including its sensor carrying, is relatively strong. It has a very powerful photoelectric equipment, which can be carried out in visible light during the day. At night, for example, in the state of infrared, it can also carry out reconnaissance at night, including calibration missions, by using the infrared presence of its camera

: Well, it seems that the "outpost" UAV is indeed a comprehensive multi-purpose UAV. What kind of development thinking does Russia use it to guide shipborne missiles to attack reflect in this field? What is its military value to Russia

Li Li: I think this should be said to reflect Russia. In this regard, it can be said to be a technical thinking, and also a technical exploration. In our term, UAV guidance is actually called BVR guidance of UAV. I think there are two reasons why it should conduct BVR guidance. One is that Russia's construction ability of the entire frigate, including large cruisers, is relatively weak. You should see that it uses a large number of frigates, its tonnage is relatively small, and its shipborne radar system is not sufficient, That is to say, the guidance information that the ship itself can provide to the missile is limited, so under the big background, it needs to expand the guidance ability of UAV, which is one aspect

another important reason is that Russia has a long range of anti-ship missiles. For example, the caliber of the anti-ship missiles is one or two thousand kilometers, which needs guidance. This anti-ship missile, its relay guidance for long-range attack, is now a very important worldwide problem, and it also needs to be faced by all countries. Now, according to the past system, the relay guidance of anti-ship missiles depends on large-scale ships, such as early warning aircraft, helicopters, including satellites in space. Its technology is very complex and requires high requirements. Therefore, compared with such large-scale systematic components, I think unmanned aerial vehicles are relatively fast. That is why Russia is now positioned at a relatively low cost and easy to carry. In addition, air service support is relatively simple, which is first from the perspective of its easy to achieve relay guidance

: what new changes do you think this new guidance idea will bring to future naval warfare

Li Li: I think this change should be said to be relatively large, because in the past, we know that generally speaking, we want the confrontation of naval warfare, so one answer is within the visual range, that is, the confrontation between strong and strong. You also have a large surface fleet, and then we fight in such a limited space within the visual range or beyond the visual range. Now we will find that it is possible that this attack was carried out thousands of kilometers away, that is, I was completely unaware of the beginning of the attack, and the other side's attack action has begun, so I'm afraid this is a very important trend of future naval warfare at present. In this context, I think the role that drones may play will be more important, because drones can go forward, that is, I may be in an area that I can't reach. Can I send out drones first. Then the other is whether the UAV can guide in the area where my past goals cannot be reached. So what Russia is showing now is this part of its capabilities, a demonstration of this high-end capability, and this is also a very important area for the confrontation between major powers in the future

: Well, under the guidance of this operational concept, all Russian fleets are currently equipped with this "outpost" UAV. We want to know, if Russia wants to make this kind of UAV play a better role in the battlefield, what other problems need to be solved

Li Li: I think there are some factors to consider. One is that from the perspective of Russia's current "outpost" UAV, we should see that it has the most important indicator. It is a radius of 250 kilometers. If it is such a radius, even if you can stay for 17 hours, I'm afraid its guidance ability is also discounted compared with the same period last year, because generally speaking, It should be a little further. I think it may reach 300, 400, 500 kilometers in the next step. I'm afraid this is a basic radius, because only with this radius, you can be comfortable in a combat environment of thousands of kilometers

second, the UAV high-pressure resin transfer molding process "outpost", whose predecessor was provided by Israel, and we all know that Israel and the United States have a relatively good relationship. Now, although there are some spare parts in Russia, it has achieved its own mass production, but is it possible to interrupt the supply chain in the next step? If it's only the hardware equipment of some parts, it's OK to say that if it's sensors, reconnaissance and guiding targets, including some interfaces, I'm afraid it's difficult for Russia to replace them in the short term. Therefore, in terms of future prospects, I think Russia can also appropriately increase the sectional size of the gate, which has room for improvement

: is this new idea of UAV over the horizon guidance impeccable

Li Li: I'm afraid the biggest challenge of this guidance method is wireless interference, which not only makes you unable to guide the target, but also makes you lose the target. So I think this may be a very important confrontation link of UAV in the whole battle in the future. In the future, it is possible that new surface ships of various countries will be equipped with a large soft jamming system specially for unmanned aerial vehicles. Strong polystrand is a manufacturer of reinforced plastic composites, including all offensive actions of our own side. At the same time, I first want to interfere with the offensive actions of the other side's unmanned aerial vehicles. This is one

second, if this kind of UAV can be used effectively, it needs to have a cooperative effect, that is, it can't rely on a single one. There may be a mode similar to what we call swarm tactics or grounded transmission. I send several at a time, so if one is disturbed and knocked down, I may not completely interrupt the link, There may also be a potential guarantee of grounded communication, so this tactical application arrangement may also be a very important link in the use of UAVs in the future

: OK, thank Li Li, the military observer, for accepting our interview

(produced by CNR military ● PLA communication center financial media)

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI